History Lessons : Subhash Bose Vs Hindu Mahasabha

For quite some time now, there have been attempts by Right Wing Hindu Organizations to portray people like Subhash Chandra Bose and Sardar patel in different lights to destroy the image of Jawaharlal Nehru and the legacy of Indian Secularism. Although they have mastered the art of rewriting false history, there are some things that cannot be changed. One of them is the relationship Subhash Chandra Bose had with Hindu Mahasabha


Throughout Bose’s writings and speeches, he referred to congress Hindus as the nationalist Hindus and the likes of Hindu Mahasabha as communal, and every time equated them with the muslim league. In fact, it was during the presidency of Subhash Chandra Bose that the congress banned the dual membership of Congress and Mahasabha.

Bose wrote a editorial in his forward bloc weekly on May 4, 1940 under the title of ‘Congress and Communal Organizations’.
‘That was a long time ago’, he wrote, ‘when prominent leaders of the congress could be members of the communal organisations like Hindu Mahasabha and Muslim League. But in recent times, the circumstances have changed. These communal organisations have become more communal than before. As a reaction to this, the Indian National Congress has put into its constitution a clause to the effect that no member of a communal organisation like Hindu Mahasabha and Muslim League can be a member of an elective committee of Congress.’

Thus, in Bose’s estimation, Hindu Mahasabha was ‘Communal’ and to be placed in same brackets as Muslim League. Indeed, he mentioned Hindu Mahasabha before Muslim League every time he referred to Communal Organisations.

When Syama Prasad Mookerjee joined Hindu Mahasabha, Dr Mookerjee wrote in his diary that Bose met him and told him if he went about building Hindu Mahasabha as a political body in Bengal, “He ( Subhash Chandra Bose) would see to it, BY FORCE IF NEED BE, THAT IT WAS BROKEN BEFORE IT WAS REALLY BORN.”

Later, Bose came true on his words that he was not adverse to using force and intimidation to put Mahasabha down. In the words of Balraj Madhok, a leader of Mahasabha at that time, ‘Subhash Chandra Bose with help of his supporters, decided to intimidate the Mahasabha by use of force. His men would break-up all Mahasabha meetings and beat up the candidates. Dr Mookerjee would not tolerate it. He got a meeting announced, to be addressed by him. As soon as he rose to speak, a stone hit him in his head, and he began to bleed profusely.’

When Subhash Chandra Bose was forming INA. ‘Hindu nationalists’, instead of helping him were hand in glovess with British. Hindu Mahasabha, under Savarkar’s leadership organised recruitment camps for british armed forces. As Savarkar said, ‘Whether we like it or not, we shall have to defend our own hearth and home against the ravages of war and this can only be done by intensifying the government’s war efforts to defend India. Hindu Mahasabhaites must, therefore, rouse Hindus ESPECIALLY IN THE PROVINCES OF BENGAL AND ASSAM as effectively as possible to enter the military forces of all arms without losing a single minute.

The above material suggests that Bose considered these so called Hindu Organisations Communal, and this was only till 1945. If Bose was alive to see the later activities of these organisations, I wonder what he would have said or done.

7 thoughts on “History Lessons : Subhash Bose Vs Hindu Mahasabha”

  1. First par itself sets the tone! Winners writes the history and everyone knows that p-secular ruled India for last 60 years.. So effectively you are asking not to question any history written by then just because you call yourself secular by your own definition!

  2. Now see how people (Ziya) are trying to take mileage…which what exactly people like you have done! Each and every point could be replied and refuted. For example –
    1. People, who have misused M K Gandhi for years, should check writings of M K Gandhi on Hinduism. Are they following what Gandhi preached?
    2. May be let us say some people are trying to project Patel and Bose – then were you sleeping when they did not get their credit? After all you were the history writers, isn’t it? Why did all national schemes are project were in Gandhi/Nehru family?
    3. Tolerance – Again you were taking a nap when Congress and Gandhi showed intolerance towards Bose within congress…forget any other org!
    3. violence – So your history record says Bose was ready to any “means” to stop mahasabha… So to begin with all means were ok with Bose and not with Mahatma!!! While Bose’s agreement with violence is inline with leftist violence in the country and across the world, the denial to the heroics of 1857 was heros to Bhagat Singh is simply most violent and intolerant behavior.
    4. Last but not the least – Overall intolerance of these self proclaimed intellectual and seculars towards other thoughts (including rightist) show how shallow their thought is!!

    1. 1. The difference between Gandhi and other Hindu Nationalists, was the fact that Gandhi was a proud hindu with “Live and Let Live” philosophy which was an anathema to the secular Nehru and Bose who wanted religion to be restricted to the home and not be allowed to dictate government policies.

      2. Even if we accept that Bose and Sardar Patel were not given their due, there are many other leading figures of the freedom struggle who perhaps deserved more publicity. But so what? These people did share the same philosophy which was totally against the Hindu Nationalists.
      3. Even if we accept that there was intolerance, it does not in any way change the political atmosphere of the country.
      4. Bhagat Singh is and was revered as a National Hero even though he was politically opposed to the philosophy of Gandhiji and Nehru. There was nothing violent about the denial of heroism to him.

      5. Shallowness is in the philosophy of the rightist nationalists. They show it every day when they ask the minorities to go to Pakistan when they demand justice or by beating Dalits when they dispose of the carcass of dead cows, when they make worship of Nathuram Godse who took the law in his hands and murdered an 80 year old man.

  3. All religious parties should not take part in political elections. Because India is a secular country and there is no religious preferences are acceptable.

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